After birth brain scans determines the risk of developmental disorders in premature infants
Cerebral hypoxia is one of the most common brain pathologies in premature infants, which damages white matter. White matter consists of fibers that connect different parts of the brain. The damaged white matter disturbs the signal transmission inside the brain and between the brain and other organs.
Scientists have found a new recipe against supergerms
The scientists of the University of Oregon have revealed a molecule which is capable to neutralize the bacteria resistance to antibiotics, Xinhua reports. This molecule is known as PPMO (phosphorodiamidate morpholino oligomer). It inhibits the activity of NDM-1 enzyme which makes the bacteria resistant to penicillin.
Doctors: some people just need to take Vitamin E
Most of all Vitamin E is needed for the people with metabolic syndrome. This vitamin is an antioxidant and it is essential for the protection of cells, Xinhua reports. Metabolic syndrome can include several specific diseases or abnormalities, such as: abdominal obesity, increased blood lipids, high blood pressure, inflammation, thrombosis, insulin resistance or impaired glucose tolerance.
Scientists are on the verge of development of new treatments for peripheral neuropathy
Peripheral neuropathy is the result of peripheral nerve damage. Symptoms vary from numbness, tingling, muscle weakness to severe pain, paralysis, and organ dysfunction. Peripheral neuropathy often develops in diabetics and people with HIV. Scientists of the University of California have carried out experiments with cells and rodents suffering from peripheral neuropathy associated with diabetes of the 1st, 2nd type, chemotherapy and HIV, Medical Xpress reports.
Discovery: a concussion and Alzheimer's disease are closely related
Hitherto, doctors believed that severe traumatic brain injury is one of the key risk factors for the development of neurodegenerative diseases. But a new study conducted in the School of Medicine at Boston University, has shown that even mild brain concussion can lead to negative consequences, The Daily Mail reports.
Experts have approached to creation of a cure for Autism
Researchers from the University of California have discovered a new biomarker in the EEG in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), suffering from Dup15q syndrome. The reason of Dup15q syndrome is a duplication of the section of 15th chromosome. This is one of the most common genetic abnormalities associated with ASD, Medical Xpress reports.
Researchers have approached to creation of a new vaccine against tuberculosis
According to scientists, biogranules are used for the delivery of Mycobacterium tuberculosis antigens (Mycobacterium tuberculosis or Mycobacterium bovis). They are natural polyesters, created by a non-tubercular bacterium (E. coli), UPI.com reports.
Neuroscientists say that the brain’s protection has a limited "useful time".
British scientists have revealed that the brain's immune cells are updated only six times during the human lifetime. According to the experts, this discovery will allow them to cope with neurodegenerative diseases, "Pravda.RU" writes. In the center of the study were phagocytes which absorb the dead or damaged neurons, as well as fight with foreign elements.
Cardiologists: stress can destroy your heart and blood vessels
Scientists know that stress can lead to the development of heart disease and stroke. But only now they understand exactly how it happens, The Times of India reports. It turns out that stress causes increased activity in the amygdala of the brain. This resulted in enhanced development of bone marrow leukocytes and the accumulation of plaque in blood vessels.
Hallucinations can be the sign of vision deterioration but not brain deterioration.
If you see ghosts, do not hurry to contact a psychiatrist or an exorcist. Probably you just lose your eyesight, The Daily Mail reports. According to ophthalmologists, such hallucinations are the symptom of rare syndrome. It is known that macular degeneration, cataracts and glaucoma lead to loss of peripheral vision. But sometimes they are caused by Charles Bonnet syndrome characterized by hallucinations.