Scientists have found inflammatory biomarkers. On their basis it is possible to create a test. In the first hours after an accident this test will show whether the brain is injured, The Indian Express reports. Such test would be very useful for sports and ambulance doctors.
Scientists say that for the treatment of viral and bacterial infections, existing medicines should be used alone or in combination with other medicines. This will be more effective than the development of new treatments, Deccan Chronicle reports.
According to "Remedium", sickle-cell anemia is a dangerous genetic blood disease. Previously, patients were treated with hydroxyurea only. Now, L-glutamine amino acid (brand name Endari), designed by Emmaus Medical Inc., will be put into practice. This medicine is designed to reduce the intensity of severe complications of the disease.
Cornell University has presented a discovery which will allow to create effective drugs for tuberculosis. According to Zee News, this is about a key metabolic mechanism in Mycobacterium tuberculosis.
Scientists from Birmingham University have found that people suffering from type 2 diabetes and sleep apnea are more prone to diabetic retinopathy. This diabetes complication is the leading cause of vision loss worldwide. 40-50% of patients with diabetes face with diabetic retinopathy, Medical Xpress reports.
Scientists used 3D printing technology to create individual models of heart valves. They imitate the physiological properties of these heart valves. The scientists say that their invention will increase the success of transcatheter implantation of aortic valves and will avoid complications such as perivalvular leakage.
A new study conducted at the University of Hanover, has shown that mineral water can be as an alternative to dairy products. It can satisfy the body's need for calcium. It is important that water is not as high in calories as dairy products, Zee News reports.
Multiple sclerosis is an autoimmune disease that affects the nerve fibers of the brain and spinal cord. A new study conducted at the Oregon University of Health and Science has found that lipoic acid, which has antioxidant properties, can significantly improve the quality of life of people suffering from multiple sclerosis.
Scientists have made unexpected conclusions about arthritis. As it turned out a genetic mutation that increases the risk of arthritis was found. According to India Today, it appeared in the Ice Age and protected our ancestors from frostbite. Approximately half of Europeans have a variant of this GDF5 gene. It doubles the risk of arthritis development and takes about 1 centimeter in growth. The Africans have less of this variant. It was also identified in Neanderthals and Denisovan.
American scientists from the University of Texas made a breakthrough in the treatment of type 1 diabetes. According to News.com.au, they used a virus-deliverer introducing special genes. These genes are responsible for the production of insulin in the pancreas. The virus loaded with these genes was successfully tested in mice.